Cette image n’est plus disponible. Elle a déjà été achetée dans le cadre d’une licence à utilisations multiples qui est toujours valide.
Cette image n’est plus disponible. Elle a déjà été achetée dans le cadre d’une licence à utilisations multiples qui est toujours valide.
revenir à la liste
Taille de Brush: 500 x 500px
Fait par: Rawox
Nombre de Brushes: 6
Si vous les utiliser s’il vous plaît laissez un commentaire
Brush gratuit pour un usage personnel et commercial.
Tableau sur toile Palm trees Installation facile Retour sous 365 jours Parcourez d’autres motifs de cette collection !
Palm trees are a diverse, complex group of plants, with about 2,500 species of mostly tropical origin. All of them reproduce from seed. For palms with single trunks, it’s the only way they reproduce. For palms that cluster or branch, an offset or branch can root to make a new plant. For seed formation, pollen from male flowers transfers to female flowers, which develop a fruit with a seed inside. This is sexual reproduction, and keeps the species genetically flexible. Rooting offsets, or vegetative reproduction, makes duplicates of the mother plant.
It takes palms anywhere from three to 40 years, depending on the species, to flower for the first time. Palm trees have separate male and female flowers. Sometimes they’re on the same plant, and sometimes, as in the date palm (Phoenix dactylifera), the male and female flowers are on separate trees. Date palm grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11. They’re wind-pollinated, but to ensure good fruit set, bring a stalk of male flowers to a flowering female tree and dust pollen onto female flowers with a cotton pad. Other palms are pollinated by wasps, flies, bees and beetles.
Once pollen lands on the female flower, it fertilizes the female flower’s ovary and seed development begins within the ovary walls. The ovary wall produces a fruit that surrounds the seed and is important in eventually carrying the seed away from the mother plant. Mature seeds vary in shape and size, many being hard and oval or round. You usually don’t get to observe palm seed formation with the species grown as indoor container palms, because even if they reach flowering size, opportunities for cross-pollination are rare. If you live where palms can grow to maturity outdoors, you’ll frequently see palms set seeds.
In order to reproduce each kind of palm, the seeds need to find suitable germination spots where they won’t compete with the parent. Many palm species have fleshy ovary walls around the seeds that are tasty to wildlife or to humans. An example is Canary Island date palm (Phoenix canariensis), which grows in USDA zones 9 through 11. Orange, 1/2- to 1-inch-long fruits attract birds and other wildlife. The fleshy exterior gets digested, and the seed passes through the digestive tract unharmed, often far away from the parent. Coconuts (Cocos nucifera) are the ultimate example of long-range dispersal. The whole fruit floats on ocean currents, often for thousands of miles, to find a beach to grow on. Coconut is hardy in USDA zones 10b through 11.
Some palms produce new shoots from near the base of the trunk that can root to become new plants. In the case of date palms, where many named cultivars exist that are valued for the quality of their fruit, this is the only way to faithfully reproduce each variety. Some palms widely grown as house plants, such as Lady palm (Rhapis excelsa) and Bamboo palm (Chamaedorea microspadix) produce harvestable offsets. Lady palm grows in USDA zones 8 through 11 and bamboo palm in USDA zones 8 through 11.
Small palm trees are an ideal addition to a garden landscape if you live in warm, sunny climates. However, some types of small palms are also cold hardy. Dwarf palms are classified as palm trees that are under 20 ft. (6 m) tall. Most small palm trees grow from a single trunk, but some have multiple trunks. All small or dwarf palm trees are identified by their feather-like or fan-shaped fronds (leaves).
The benefit of planting dwarf palms in your front or backyard is that they don’t take up much room. Their short stature means they won’t block out sunlight. Some of the smaller palm varieties also thrive in containers. Although small palms can reach up to 20 feet (6 m), many dwarf or pygmy palms are only 5 feet (1.5 m) when mature.
Of course, palm trees—large and small—are synonymous with tropical climates. But many varieties of small palms grow well in temperate climates.
In this article, you’ll find 17 of the most popular species of small palms. You’ll find short palms that grow in warm climates such as Florida, and other dwarf palms that are cold hardy and can withstand freezing temperatures.
The smallest type of outdoor palms like dwarf palmetto may only reach about 3 feet (1 m) tall. The tallest types of small palms such as spindle palm may reach 20 feet (6 m). While a 20-foot palm tree seems very tall, they are small in comparison to large types of palm trees that grow up to 100 feet (30 m).
Small palm trees are mostly grown in gardens for their aesthetic appeal in the landscape. Their compact size makes them perfect for planting in a front yard or if you want to turn a garden into a tropical landscape.
Most varieties of small palms have a small root ball, so you can plant them close to your house. Growing in warm conditions, many small palm trees flower and produce delicious sweet fruit.
Identifying species of small palm trees is done by the shape of their leaves (fronds) and type of trunk. Palm trees have either feather-like leaves (pinnate) or fan-like fronds (palmate). Some dwarf palms have slender, smooth trunks, and others have husks that give the trunk a spiky appearance.
There is a wide variety in the appearance of different species of palm. Some palms have slender trunks with a bushy crown of arching fronds. Other types of palms have thick, hairy trunks that are rough to touch. Some species of miniature palms have a clumping, bush-like growth with leaves that seem to grow out of the ground, without any visible trunk.
Here are the best dwarf or small palm trees to grow in your garden landscape:
The Adonidia palm is a small palm tree with a slender, gray smooth trunk. Also called the Christmas palm, this popular Florida palm tree grows to around 6 ft. (2 m). Its elegant crown identifies the small palm with long arching fronds that spread up to 8 ft. (2.4 m) wide.
The common name of this small palm comes from the fruit that ripens in December, around Christmas time. One of the advantages of growing this palm in your yard is that it’s self-cleaning and low-maintenance. That means that Adonidia palm sheds its fronds faster than some other palm species, and that gives it a better look. The Christmas palm thrives in USDA zone 10.
Landscape uses: Plant the Adonidia palm as a specimen tree to create a focal point in a sunny, tropical garden. In a front or backyard, you can plant the palm trees close together as they have a small root ball—ideal for small gardens.
The dwarf sugar palm is a multi-stemmed small palm tree. Its clumping growth nature results in a bushy palm that resembles a large shrub. The palm grows to around 8 ft (2.4 m) tall and is identified by green pinnate leaves that seem to grow out the ground.
Many consider the dwarf sugar palm to be one of the best landscaping palms. The miniature fern-like palm bush thrives in USDA zones 10B and 11.
Landscape uses of this palm tree: Plant a dwarf sugar palm as a specimen tree in a tropical garden. Or, you can plant the low palm bushes together to create a tropical privacy screen.
The dwarf palmetto is an excellent ground-cover palm for warm climates. The short palm usually has a growth habit of up to 3 ft. (1 m) high. The tropical palm has fan-shaped leaves that can grow up to 6 ft. (2 m) long. The hardy dwarf palm tree thrives in hot, humid conditions but is also cold tolerant to 0°F (-18°C).
Landscape uses of this palm tree: Dwarf palmetto palms are native to Florida. You can plant them together in a backyard to create a bushy privacy screen. Or, you can grow in containers on your patio to add a tropical ambiance.
The bottle palm tree gets its name from its short fat trunk that looks like a pear-shaped bottle. You can identify this small palm tree by the way the stem swells as its base. Growing to only 10 ft. (3 m) tall, the miniature palm has four to six arching fronds that grow up to 12 ft. (3.5 m) long.
As the palm tree matures, its trunk becomes somewhat elongated and develops a husky exterior. Short bottle palm trees grow in Florida and southern California, where they get warm temperatures all year long. These small palms thrive in full sun.
Landscape uses of this palm tree: Bottle plants are an ideal small palm tree for compact residential gardens. In colder climates, grow bottle plants in containers and bring them indoors to protect from frost.
The pygmy date palm is an ornamental dwarf tree with a short slender trunk, resembling a pineapple. Pygmy date palms are identified by the crowing mass of gracefully arching pinnate fronds. Usually, a single-stemmed palm, the tree can sometimes develop multiple trunks.
These miniature date palms thrive in full sun and grow in USDA zone 10 to 12. Flowers appear on stems that develop into clusters of small black fruits. These easy to grow dwarf palms grow up to 10 ft. (3 m) tall and have a spread of 6 to 8 ft. (1.8 – 2.4 m).
Landscape uses of this palm tree: Grow pygmy date palms to accent a Mediterranean garden landscape. The mini palm tree is also a suitable container plant to keep indoors during winter.
The pindo palm is a slow-growing small tree with a single stout trunk. The attractive feature of the pindo palm is its spectacular crown of bluish-green fronds that arch and create a weeping effect. Its short fat stem has a rough appearance from the stubs of old leaves.
Also called the Jelly palm or Cocos capitata, the hardy palm tree it drought, heat, and salt tolerant.
Landscape uses of this palm tree: This attractive small palm tree is ideal for coastal landscapes, and it is cold hardy to 14°F (-10°C).
Native to Florida, saw palmetto palm trees are a bushy type of palm with fanning leaves. Small saw palmetto palms grow to between 7 and 10 ft. (2 – 3 m) and tend to grow in clusters. Their silvery-green fan-shaped leaves help identify these palm trees.
The edges of its leaves are serrated, which is why this small palm tree is named the saw palmetto. Being a type of clustering palm, this palm tree has multiple stems growing from the ground.
Landscape uses of this palm tree: Plant the palmetto palms close together to create a tropical privacy screen or plant in a container for a dramatic look.
Windmill palm trees have large fanned leaves and slender, short, hairy trunks. The slow-growing palm trees eventually grow to between 10 and 20 ft. (3 – 6 m). Their name comes from the windmill form that the splaying fronds create at the trunk’s crown. Windmill palms are hardy palms that grow in zones 8a – 11.
Windmill palm trees look very decorative planted in a front or backyard. The palms are stunning specimen plants, creating a focal point in the landscape. Or you can plant them in containers for a patio or deck area. It’s best to plant small windmill palm trees in a protected part of the garden in the shade or partial shade.
The sago palm is not a true type of palm tree. Instead, it’s a type of cycad plant with palm-like growth and appearance. Sago palms have a short, shaggy trunk that produces long green feather-like fronds, growing in a rosette pattern.
The cold-hardy palm-like tree can tolerate temperatures as low as 14°F (10°C). Its tolerance for cold temperatures makes the sago palm a popular small landscape palm-like tree.
The needle palm tree is a shrub-like palm with several short trunks growing from the ground. Identify the needle palm by its fan leaves that have long, needle-like spines. Also, the needle palm is one of the most cold-tolerant palms, surviving temperatures as low as 5°F (-15°C).
Needle palms are suitable plants for privacy or security screens. The bushy palms also grow well in containers as an ornamental low-growing tree or specimen plant. Needle plants grow to between 3 and 6 ft. (1 – 1.8 m) tall with a spread of up to 8 ft. (2.4 m).
Parlor palm trees grow from a single thin, slender trunk that divides into many thick branches. Parlor palms grow to between 6 and 10 ft. (2 – 3 m) tall. The parlor palm tree has pinnate foliage with long broad leaves on the stems. The palm tree grows outside in tropical conditions in USDA zones 10 and 10b.
Although parlor palms are one of the most popular types of indoor palms, they can grow in your garden under the right conditions. Plant in dappled sunlight and keep moisture levels high. Or, you can grow the palms on a patio in containers.
Spindle palm trees have short slender gray trunks with a crown of curved, green pinnate leaves. These small flowering palm trees reach up to 20 ft. (6 m) tall. Spindle palms are similar to bottle palms—the difference is that the spindle palm’s trunk bulges in the center, not at the base.
Grow spindle palm trees as a specimen palm in your front or backyard. Also, spindle palms grow well in containers if you live in temperate climates.
Coontie palms are a type of low-growing palm tree native to Florida. The Coontie palm is not a true type of palm tree but a cycad plant with palm-like growth and appearance. Coontie palms are more like bushes rather than actual palm trees. Multi-branched clusters of palm-like fronds grow from the ground. This bushy palm like tree grows up to 3 ft. (1 m) tall and has a rounded growth habit with fern-like foliage.
Coontie palms are an excellent palm-like plant for ground cover, edging, or adding greenery to shady spots.
Triangle palm trees have a short trunk and long green palmate leaves growing in a triangle shape. This spectacular tree can have leaves up to 8 ft. (2.4 m) long that fan out from the thick central trunk. The triangle palm is a flowering type of palm that can bloom all year long under the right conditions.
Plant this specimen palm tree for its ornamental value or as an accent plant. The triangle palm tree is low-maintenance and survives heat and drought well.
The Mediterranean dwarf palm is a low-growing clumping palm with three or more trunks at its base. This bushy multi-trunk palm tree can grow to between 10 and 20 ft. (2 – 6 m) tall. A compact crown of rounded fan leaflets graces the tops of the small trunks.
Mediterranean dwarf palms are popular as landscape palms in countries that enjoy hot summers. However, the palm is also cold hardy, withstanding temperatures as cold as 10°F (-12°C). Planting in containers can help to control the palm’s height if you want to add a Mediterranean touch to your patio or decking area.
The Florida thatch palm has a single slender stem with a canopy of palmate leaves at its top. Native to Florida, this small palm grows up to 20 ft. (6 m) high. When growing in full sun, the fanning crown of palm leaves has a compact growth in a globular shape. Florida thatch palms are popular residential landscape palms in Florida and other states in the southern U.S.
Florida thatch palm trees are cold-sensitive plants and only grow in USDA zone 10 and above. The upright, slender palm is ideal for gardens in coastal areas or where there is high wind.
The cat palm tree is a clumping bushy palm plant with multiple stems growing from the ground. Growing up to 6.5 ft (2 m) in gardens, the short cat palm tree has glossy dark green leaves forming dense palm foliage. Cat palms require bright sunlight to thrive and a moist growing medium.
Due to the palm’s bushy growth habit and short stature, you can grow cat palms as a privacy hedge in tropical gardens. Cat palms also grow well in containers to add tropical greenery to a patio or decking area. These multi-stemmed palms are also popular indoor palm trees if you can grow them in bright light.
Discover many other types of palm trees to plant in your garden.
Affiche Encadrée ARCHITECTURAL PALM TREES, Made in France DAVID & DAVID STUDIO Photographie encadrée en aluminium noir avec un passe-partout biseauté blanc. Tirage d’art imprimé sur un papier premium 230g. – Impression…
Planning is critical to the success of your tropical garden. Although palm trees may be planted closely together without regard for nutrition and water competition, a garden that has been densely packed may take on a cluttered look, and is likely to force some sun-loving palms to compete for sunshine. A well-planned tropical garden looks more attractive and creates an environment where all its plants may thrive.
Fully grown, many palm trees will reach a predictable height and width. Plant these trees with enough room to grow fully into their adult state. Roots from these trees will extend as far as 50 feet from the tree to find water, so palms do not often encounter problems competing for water and nutrients. As a general rule, do not plant large palm trees with an anticipated canopy diameter so closely together that leaves from their canopies will rub together.
Like other trees, different species of palms have different sun requirements based on their typical location in nature. Larger, taller trees are meant to form the canopy, while smaller trees are understory plants. Research the sun requirements and the height of your chosen palm before planting it. Understory plants will be short to medium sized (usually shorter than 15 feet, some as short as 2 to 3 feet) and will accept or thrive in shade. Canopy palms will grow to be as tall as 100 feet, and will require full sun. As you plan your landscape, plant canopy palms first and allow them to grow for several seasons before planting understory palms in the shade beneath them.
In addition to the practical considerations of grouping understory and canopy palms in a single landscape, clusters of palms often look better when you place taller and shorter plants close together. Grouping short palms with taller palms creates a visual dynamic that leads the eye around the gardens while at the same time adding a sense of fullness to the landscape.
Palm trees are best placed in a location away from homes and sidewalks. Although the roots are not likely to lift a sidewalk or damage a foundation, it’s unwise to plant a large palm near a structure. The canopy of the palm must have room to clear the eaves of the roof, and root damage is still a consideration if planted too close to a structure.
Palm trees are exotic plants native to warm and temperate climates, but since some varieties are cold hardy or suitable for use as houseplants, even those of us living in cooler regions are able to make a home for these stunning trees.
With over 2,600 species of palm in existence, choosing the right palm for you might seem challenging. We’ve narrowed down the most popular types of palms into manageable categories to help you discover the best type of palm for your home or garden.
Palm trees are accustomed to growing in conditions similar to those found in our homes; consistently warm temperatures, average humidity, and bright to medium light. This makes palms an ideal houseplant, though it is obviously an enormous palm tree in the middle of your living room isn’t going to be practical! For this reason, slow-growing palms that require little maintenance are most suited for use in homes. These include the following.
If you want to create a tropical look in your garden, then palm trees are absolutely essential. However, it isn’t common to see palm trees in cooler climates, and this might be because many people don’t realize that several cold-hardy varieties of palms exist, assuming instead that they only grow in warm climates.
While it’s true that palm trees do hail from warm regions, there are several varieties that adapt well to low temperatures and make ideal garden plants or trees in unlikely areas. These include the following.
Growing a palm tree in a container works well for a number of reasons. Container grown palms will have limited growth in terms of height, which is preferable if you have a smaller garden or don’t want the tree to take over a large space. Container palms can also be grown in almost any climate, as those which are not cold hardy can simply be moved indoors during the winter. Palms which grow well in containers include the following.